Achieving a Cohesive Look: The Basic Principles of Landscape Design

gardenLandscape design can be compared to creating any design with a pen and paper. Like any other forms of art tradition, landscaping also follows certain principles of design. If you check out the works of Essex-based landscapers and those in other nearby cities, you will notice that all of them follow these design principles to work on their clients’ requests.

Here is a look into the basic principles of landscape design:


The first principle refers to the quality of oneness — how well the space has been organised into groups, how well the lines and curves have been used to divide the space in a thematic manner and how the colours were used to create groups within the landscape, according to experts from Landscapers in Essex say that unless the entire landscape appears unified through the use of colors, line, curves and texture, it will not look cohesive and catch the viewer’s attention.


The second landscape design principle is scale, which refers to how it compares to the house and other objects in the landscape. Two types of scales used are low scale (has calming and relaxing effect) and high scale (ideally used in large spaces and around large buildings). If the scale of the landscape is right, the space will not appear cramped.


How you balance the features in the landscape will greatly affect the overall look of your space. Balance could be symmetric, giving a sense of equality anywhere you look, or asymmetric, with greater focus on a particular area.

Additional Principles

Other principles of landscape design include the following:

• Simplicity – refers to the degree of repetition incorporated. If too many different features are introduced, it will only make the landscape look haphazard.
• Variety – refers to the diversity in the landscape. Where repetition is desired, a bit of variety makes the space even more interesting.
• Emphasis – refers to the focal point of the landscape. A landscape that has all important features will simply be distracting. But, if a particular area is emphasised and the rest support this emphasis, it will capture the viewer’s attention better.

If your chosen designer follows these landscape design principles, rest assured that your garden will be the envy of your neighborhood.

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